Shelley Berkley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Nevada's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2013
Preceded byJohn Ensign
Succeeded byDina Titus
Member of the Nevada Assembly
In office
November 1982 – November 1984
Personal details
Born (1951-01-20) January 20, 1951 (age 73)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationUniversity of Nevada, Las Vegas (BA)
University of San Diego (JD)

Rochelle "Shelley" Berkley (née Levine; born January 20, 1951) is an American businesswoman, politician and attorney who served as the U.S. Representative for Nevada's 1st congressional district from 1999 to 2013. In 2012, she was the unsuccessful Democratic Party nominee for the U.S. Senate.[1] She is a member of the Democratic Party,[1] and is currently running in the upcoming 2024 Las Vegas Mayoral Election.[2]

Early life, education, and legal career

Berkley was born Rochelle Levine in New York City, the daughter of Estelle (née Colonomos – see Kalonymus) and George Levine. Her paternal grandparents were Russian Jews and her mother's family were Sephardic Jews from Ottoman-era Thessaloniki, now in Macedonia, northern Greece.[3]

Berkley moved with her family to Nevada when she was a junior high school student, attending Fremont Junior High. After completing high school, she became the first member of her family to attend college when she enrolled as an undergraduate at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.[1] She became a member of Delta Zeta sorority. Elected student body president of the Consolidated Students of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas her senior year, Shelley graduated with honors in 1972, earning a B.A. in political science.[1]

After obtaining her J.D. degree in 1976 from the University of San Diego School of Law, Shelley returned to Las Vegas and began her professional career.[1] Berkley practiced law for several years, mainly as a member of the legal counsel for several Las Vegas casinos. She also served as the national director for the American Hotel-Motel Association.

Early political career

Berkley served in the Nevada Assembly from 1982 to 1984 and was involved in civic affairs locally.[4] She also served on the Nevada University and Community College System Board of Regents from 1990 to 1998, and was appointed vice chair.[1][5]

U.S. House of Representatives

Campaigns

In 1996, U.S. Congressman John Ensign won re-election in Nevada's 1st congressional district with 50.1% of the vote, a 6.6% margin over Bob Coffin, the Democratic candidate.[6] The day after, Berkley filed papers to run in the district. She raised $206,000 in the first six months and $410,000 in the next six months. Berkley was Democrats' dream candidate,[7] as she easily won the primary with 81.5% of the vote.[8] Ensign decided to retire in order to run against U.S. Senator Harry Reid in the very close and competitive 1998 senate election. In the general election, she defeated Republican Don Chairez, a District Court Judge in Clark County[9] with 49.2% of the vote.[10]

In 2000, she won re-election with 51.7% against State Senator Jon Porter.[11] In 2002, she defeated Republican Las Vegas City Councilwoman Lynette Boggs with 53.7%.[12]

Tenure

Congresswoman Berkley represented Nevada's 1st congressional district from 1999 to 2013, serving seven terms as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.[1] The district includes most of the city of Las Vegas as well as the Las Vegas Strip and the city of North Las Vegas. She is the second woman elected to Congress from Nevada, the first woman elected to the 1st district and the first elected as a Democrat.

Berkley was a member of the New Democrat Coalition.[5] She views her top priorities as affordable health care coverage for all Americans, veteran's rights and alternative energy.[13] Berkley is also strongly opposed to the building of a nuclear waste repository in Yucca Mountain, Nevada.[14]

In 2011, Berkley voted for the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 as part of a controversial provision that allows the government and the military to indefinitely detain American citizens and others without trial.[15]

Fundraising

Berkley announced in June 2012 that she would turn over all $11,900 in campaign contributions from indicted lobbyist Harvery Whittemore to the U.S. Treasury. Whittemore was charged with violating campaign finance laws and misleading law enforcement. Before pledging to give up the contributions from Whittemore, Berkley said that she was holding his contributions in escrow while awaiting the outcome of the investigation against him.[16]

As of July 2012, Berkley had raised $4 million in contributions for her campaign to unseat Senator Dean Heller. Heller had raised $4.4 million.[17]

Interest groups

As a 6th term congresswoman Berkley was endorsed by a number of interest groups. The themes of some groups endorsing Berkley included education, environmental protections, and gender equality in politics. Berkley received endorsements from groups such as The National Education Association, The Sierra Club and The National Women's Political Caucus.[18]

Berkley has been given various scores from a variety of interest groups. These groups include topics ranging from abortion issues, agriculture, criminal issues, animal rights, budget and taxes and foreign aid. NARAL Pro-Choice America gave Berkley a 100% in 2010, while the National Right to Life Committee gave her a 0% rating.[19][20]

The American Farm Bureau Federation gave Berkley a 33% rating in 2010 the topic of agriculture, while the National Farm Workers Union gave Berkley a 100% rating. Other interest groups Berkley has received High ratings from Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants, and Defenders of Wildlife Fund. Groups that Berkley has received poor ratings from include the National Taxpayers Union and Peace Action.[21]

Issues

Energy policy

Berkley speaking at the Red Rock Canyon Visitors Center Grand opening

On June 26, 2009, Berkley voted for the American Clean Energy and Security Act, which would have implemented a cap-and-trade system similar to the regulations proposed by the Reagan administration[22] in the 1980s, then known as "emissions trading."[23]

Health care

Berkley voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.[24][25][26]

Israel

Berkley is a supporter of Israel and is a member of the pro-Israel group American Israel Public Affairs Committee.[27]

Support for Iraq war

On October 10, 2002, Berkley was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq.[28]

Wall Street bailout

On October 3, 2008, Berkley voted for the controversial Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, which created the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) that bailed out Wall Street banks.[29][30]

Committee assignments

2012 U.S. Senate election

Berkley announced that she would run for the United States Senate in April 2011 to succeed John Ensign, who resigned amidst an ethics scandal.[31] She secured the Democratic nomination in the June primary and faced incumbent Senator Dean Heller in the November elections.[32] She narrowly lost the election.[33]

Personal life

In March 1999, Berkley married Dr. Lawrence Lehrner, a practicing nephrologist in Las Vegas.[34] Both Berkley and Lehrner have two children from prior marriages.[34]

Lehrner seldom campaigns with his wife. Berkley says about her husband, "He works about 12 hours a day, seven days a week. I call him a doctor's doctor." Lehrner's medical practice has received attention during the campaign due to the House Ethics Committee's investigation into Berkley's efforts to save a kidney transplant center in which her husband has a financial interest. Laura Meyers of the Las Vegas Review-Journal wrote, "Having Lehrner on the campaign trail with Berkley could remind voters of the ethics investigation—expose him to uncomfortable questions."[35]

In 2014, Former U.S. Rep. Shelley Berkley was hired as CEO and senior provost of the Touro College and University System in Nevada and California, later being promoted to Senior Vice President of the University. [36] She retired from that position in 2023 after declaring her candidacy in the 2024 Las Vegas Mayoral Election.[37]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "BERKLEY, Shelley, (1951 – )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  2. ^ https://www.ktnv.com/tricia-kean (2023-01-05). "EXCLUSIVE: Former U.S. Congresswoman Shelley Berkley announces plans to run for Las Vegas mayor". KTNV 13 Action News Las Vegas. Retrieved 2023-07-04. {{cite web}}: External link in |last= (help)
  3. ^ Stone, K.F. (2010). The Jews of Capitol Hill: A Compendium of Jewish Congressional Members. Scarecrow Press. p. 553. ISBN 9780810877382. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  4. ^ "Nevada Legislators 1861–2011" (PDF). Research Division Legislative Counsel Bureau of the Nevada Legislature. April 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Representative Shelley Berkley (NV)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  6. ^ "NV District 1 Race – Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  7. ^ Martinez, Gebe (Jan 20, 1998). "Parties Try to Field "Dream Candidates" in '98 Political Sleepwalks". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  8. ^ "NV District 1 – D Primary Race – Sep 01, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  9. ^ "Candidate – Don Chairez". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  10. ^ "NV District 1 Race – Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  11. ^ "NV District 1 Race – Nov 07, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  12. ^ "NV District 1 Race – Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  13. ^ "New Dems Bolster Influence by Securing Key Committee Slots". New Democratic Coalition. Archived from the original on March 2, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  14. ^ "Berkley Alarmed By Renewed Republican Effort To Revive Yucca Mountain". Berkley.house.gov. November 30, 2010. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  15. ^ "NDAA Bill: How Did Your Congress Member Vote?". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  16. ^ Ray Hagar (7 June 2012). "Berkley says she will get rid of all Whittemore campaign contributions". Reno Gazette-Journal.
  17. ^ Jonathan D. Salant (31 July 2012). "Republicans Outraising Democratic Rivals in House Races". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
  18. ^ "Shelley Berkley". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  19. ^ "NARAL Pro-Choice America Rating". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  20. ^ "National Right to Life Committee Rating". Project Vote Smart. Archived from the original on December 28, 2011. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  21. ^ "Shelley Berkley – Ratings and Endorsements". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  22. ^ "The Political History of Cap and Trade". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  23. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 477". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. June 26, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  24. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 887". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. November 7, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  25. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 165". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. March 21, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  26. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 167". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. March 21, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  27. ^ Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (17 July 2015). "Pro-Israel Aipac Creates Group to Lobby Against the Iran Deal". First Draft. Retrieved 2018-09-10.
  28. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 455". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. October 10, 2002. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  29. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 681". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. October 3, 2008. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  30. ^ "The true cost of the bank bailout". PBS. September 3, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  31. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (April 14, 2011). "Shelley Berkley Will Run for Senate in Nevada". Roll Call. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  32. ^ Ralston, Jon (June 13, 2012). "Heller-Berkley worthy successor to Reid-Angle". Las Vegas Sun.
  33. ^ 2012 Election Results Map: Senate, Politico, 2012, retrieved April 28, 2013
  34. ^ a b Hakimian, Leah (January 3, 2011). "How Larry Met Shelley: A Congressional Romance". The Jewish Week. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  35. ^ Laura Meyers (30 July 2012). "Berkley says husband will 'be there for me' on campaign trail when needed". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
  36. ^ Laura Meyers (18 Dec 2013). "Former U.S. Rep. Shelley Berkley to lead Touro University in Nevada, California". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
  37. ^ Nevada, Touro University. "2023 News & Stories, Sr. Vice President Shelley Berkley Announces Retirement - Touro Nevada". tun.touro.edu. Retrieved 2023-07-04.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Nevada's 1st congressional district

1999–2013
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Nevada
(Class 1)

2012
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former US Representative Order of precedence of the United States
as Former US Representative
Succeeded byas Former US Representative